grand piano

photo: Waldemar Kielichowski © Institute of Music and Dance, Warsaw

Alexander Romanovsky © The Fryderyk Chopin Institute

grand piano

Classification: 3 Chordophones / 31 Simple chordophones or zithers / 314 Board zithers / 314.1 True board zithers / 314.1-4-8 True board zithers sounded by hammers or beaters, with keyboard

Piano maker: Erard

Date: 1854

Village / Town: Paris

Country: France

Owner: Fryderyk Chopin Institute. Belonged to Ferenz Liszt. Gifted in 1960 by Olga Alvares Pereira de Melo, the Marquise de Cadaval from Portugal

Inventory number: M/608

Description: rosewood veneered, decorated with double brass frames. Straight-, single-, double-, triple-strung; composite frame with six metal stress bars and a treble capotasto bar. English double escapement action with underdampers

Inscriptions: inlaid in brass on the keyboard cover: Erard; pressed in many places: 26606; inside the case cover a round brass medal: EXPOSITION UNIVERSELLE DE LONDRES / LA SEULE / GRANDE MÉDAILLE /ACCORDÈE AUX / PIANOS a HARPES / A ÈTÈ DECERNEE / A / ERARD; black painted on the soundboard: Par Brevet d’Invention / Erard a Paris

Measurements: height 355 (950), width 1370, depth 2460 mm

Materials: wood, metal, ivory

Keyboard compass, stops: A2-a4 – 7 octaves, two pedals – una corda and dampers

Catalog card by: Benjamin Vogel

Bibliography: D. Pawlak, ‘Érard’, Encyklopedia muzyczna PWM, vol. 3, ed. E. Dziębowska (Kraków, 1987);  E. M. Frederick, ‘Erard, Sébastien (et Frères)’, Encyclopedia of Keyboard Instruments, vol. 1 The Piano, ed. R. Palmieri (New York, 1994)

Fryderyk Chopin, Piano Concerto in E minor Op. 11, 1830, Allegro maestoso, Yulianna Avdeeva, Erard 1849, Orchestra of the XVIII Century, Frans Brüggen conductor © The Fryderyk Chopin Institute

Fryderyk Chopin, Piano Concerto in F minor Op. 21, 1829-1830, Alegro vivace, Yulianna Avdeeva, Erard 1849, Orchestra of the XVIII Century, Frans Brüggen conductor © The Fryderyk Chopin Institute

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